Full Stack Web Developer – A primer
User interfaces of software are getting more and more human centric than systemcentric. Every software that is built needs an interface via Web or Mobile App.
The following survey shows the gap in popular frameworks as demanded by the Companies vs the Developers who posses the skill. And it is evident from the report, that Spring, Struts ( Java framework ), ASP (.NET framework) has almost no gaps whereas for Angular, Node.js, React the gap is very high.
Who is a Full Stack Web Developer?
Full Stack Web Developer is the one who can work on all facets of Web Applications development, namely – the Database, the Backend and the Frontend.
To work on databases, the language that should be known is SQL.
The fundamentals of Databases like – Entity-Relationship modelling, Database Modelling, Normalization and forming SQL queries immensely help.
The capability of handling at least one RDBMS like MySQL, PostgreSQL sets the final order.
The Backend is considered the core of a Web Application.
For the backend, the minimum need is to have a good working knowledge of any one of the following programming languages which are most commonly used in the industry:
Frameworks are a collection of libraries that handles the common problems faced by a business domain. Frameworks helps to build the Business application faster. Some of the popular frameworks that are used for the above programming languages are as follows :
- Java :: Spring
- C# :: .NET
- PHP :: WordPress, Joomla, CakePHP
- Ruby :: Rails
- Python :: Django
The frontend is the part of a software application that the end users sees and interacts. The frontend components interface the users to the backend and get the job done.
The 4 skill sets that help to create the Frontend of a Web software are:
Why become a Full Stack Web Developer?
#1 Industry needs them
A Full Stack Web Developer is like a “swiss army knife”. He/She can build a Web Application end to end. Sometimes, by full stack developer, it hints the person is aware of the modern application frameworks.
It is an obvious choice of Companies to have 1 Full Stack Developer than 2 or more people to do the same job.
#2 Full Stack Developer is not just a developer
Full Stack Developers are not restricted to part of application like Database, Backend or Frontend. They participate in all key activities of Application development, namely – Analysis, Design, Development & Validation.
Full Stack Developers hence are seen as Problem Solvers.
Employers weigh Problem Solving skills much higher than any other skills in this Industry.
On the flip side, a full stack developer can fit himself to diverse Job functions and roles. This, in turn, it creates more opportunities for these professionals.
#3 Full Stack Developers are paid higher
As stated, Full Stack Developers are like Developer++. This itself commands them to have more in terms of salaries and compensations. Here is a quick fact check on Median Salary of Full Stack Developers vs 2 other Skills in India :
- Median Salary in Full Stack Developer : INR 6.25 LPA
- Median Salary of Java Developer : INR 4.34 LPA
- Median Salary of Software Tester : INR 3.74 LPA
Source : Payscale
Summing up …
The role of Developer ( aka Just Developer ) is going to hit that dead-end soon. So, fresh graduates eyeing to join the IT workforce should be well aware of the skills and technologies/frameworks that are popular and are in demand.
A 3 point strategy that we would suggest for fresh engineers hoping to join the IT industry:
1. Get well aware of what is under the Full Stack umbrella
2. Find a right coach or training programme near you
3. Apply skills on Projects which has real users using it.
Surely, getting skilled up under the banner of Full Stack Developer will open immense job opportunities.
Best of Luck !!